Messerschmitt Bf 109
"The 109 wasn't bad in the nosedive but which were Thunderbolts around something better. If you compare her with the mustang or Spitfire, this depended on the height at which the path flight was started in the path flight. I think in a height between 5000 and 10,000 meters that the 109 was better than all other types. The version of 109 which I flew as a commanding officer a Höhenschutzseinheit for our Fw 190s was very good at 8000 to 10,000 meters since she had a special engine for large altitudes but she was very bad at low heights. Of course she had a special tank for the injection so that the tropic wasn't as good as these normal 109 at low heights. Therefore we usually attacked no Mustangs or Thunderbolts in low height because this would have done us good badly."
Luftwaffengeneral Walter Krupinski
As the most dreaded fighter plane of the world at the beginning of the second World War the Bf 109 was overtaken by the Focke - Wulfs 190 and later versions of the RAFs Spifire at war admission of the USA. The planned successor, the Me 209 and Me 309 were bothered by development problems and the Bf 109 was further produced as a result of it at a time, as her, already out of order had put must be.
Later models were equipped with larger, more powerful engines which improved the speed. The plus, however, was paid for to speed with a minus to maneuvering ability since it reduced the agility and was the additional weight particularly at starts and landings to fly the machine more difficult.
The Bf 109G, was built in a larger quantity than all other 109s and was the first for this one with the stronger Daimler Benzlate DB 605A engine was equipped with a turbocharger to obtain better results in large altitudes. A these versions', the Bf 109G-6 could contain various "arming sentences", what meant that she could carry different substitute tanks, bomb mounts and Bewaffnungen to adapt to different tactical situations.
The Bf 109G-6 could as well be equipped with the MW 50 methanol water injection system. This system brought 4 per cent the performance about normal and a switch was activating in the cockpit to inject the methanol water mixture of a tank behind the pilot seat over tubes into the turbocharger for some minutes. After this had happened, the pilot had to wait up to the next injection for at least five minutes. Although the MW 50 system of the machine gave a large speed thrust, it used up fuel rapidly anyway and the range therefore reduced.
Further novelty was the MK 108 cannon (30 mm), the G-6 models with usually the MG 151 which shot by the propeller axis but shortages meant at this terrible weapon this for cannon (20 mm) were equipped. The extra weapon helped the Bf 109 to get it, to become a fatal threat for the bombers, the increase of weight, however, hindered the Bf 109 during the fights with the allied Mustangs and Thunderbolts.
The Messerschmitt Bf 109 with total production of 35.000 was the most built aircraft type of the history.
Specifications Messerschmitt Bf 109G-6
Engine: 1800-hp Daimler-Benz DB-605 inverted V-12 piston engine
Performance: Maximum Speed at at 23,000 ft: 385mph; Ceiling: 38,500 ft; Range: 450 miles
Weight: Empty 5,893 lbs., Max Takeoff 6,945 lbs.
Measurements: Wing Span: 32ft. 6.5in; Length: 29ft. 7in; Height: 11ft. 2in.
Armament: Two 13mm (0.51-inch) MG131 machine guns; Three 20mm MG151 cannon